Abbato, S. and Durham, J. (2011). Ageing Your Way, My Way - Working Together: Spiritus research into the emerging ageing CALD communities in Brisbane. Spiritus HACC Multicultural Program: Brisbane. (Link)

Aged and Community Services Australia. (2006). Strength through diverse aged and community care: National Policy Position. Canberra: Author.

Aguila, E., Fonseca, R., and Vega, A. (2015). “Self-employment, Health Insurance, and Return Migration of Middle-Aged and Elderly Mexican Males.” In W. Vega, K. Markides, J. Angel, and F. Torres-Gil (Eds.), Challenges of Latino Aging in the Americas (pp. 103-120). New York: Springer Science.

American Geriatrics Society Ethnogeriatrics Committee. (2016).  Achieving high-quality multicultural geriatric care. J Am Geriatr Soc. 64(2).255-260.

American Geriatrics Society. (2015).  Chinese American Older Adults: A Guide to Managing Your Health. NY: Author.

Aranda, M., Ray, L., Snih, S., Ottenbacher, K., & Markides, K. (2014). The protective effect of neighborhood composition on increasing frailty among older Mexican Americans: A barrio advantage? Journal of Aging and Health, 23:1189-1217.

Brangman, S., and Periyakoil, V. (2014). Doorway Thoughts: Cross Cultural Health Care for Older. NY: American Geriatrics Society.

Chang, Y., Schneider, J., and Sessanna, L. (2011). Decisional conflict among Chinese family caregivers regarding nursing home placement of older adults with dementia. J Aging Stud., 25(4):436444.

Dupre, M., Gu, D., and Vaupel, J. (2012). Survival Differences Among Native-born and Foreignborn Older Adults in the United States. PLOS ONE, 7 (5): e37177. (Link)

Figueredo-Borda, N. (2015). Caring for Elderly Immigrants: Is it Possible to have Equal Opportunities? J Gerontol Geriatr Res, 4:231. doi:10.4172/2167-7182.1000231

Gajaria A., Dix E, Sakauye K, & Llorente, M. (2019). Why is cultural competency important when working with older adults? In: Llorente MD, editor. Culture, heritage and diversity in older adult mental health care. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association Publishing.

Gerst, K., Miranda, P., Eschbach, K., Sheffield, K., Peek, M., & Markides, K. (2011). Protective neighborhoods: Neighborhood proportion of Mexican Americans and depressive symptoms in very old Mexican Americans. Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 59: 353-358.

Gitlin, L., Harris, L. et al. (2012). A community-integrated home based depression intervention for older African Americans: Description of the Beat the Blues randomized trial and intervention costs. BMC Geriatrics, 12(4). (Link)

Haas, S., Krueger, P., & Rohlfsen, L. (2012). Race/ethnic and nativity disparities in later life physical performance: The role of health and socioeconomic status over the life course. Journal of Gerontology: Series B. Psychological Sciences & Social Sciences, 67, 238-48.

Hall, K. and Hardill, I. (2014). Retirement migration, the ‘other’story: Caring for frail elderly British citizens in Spain. Ageing and Society, 1-24.

Hardin, S. (2014). Ethnogeriatrics in critical care. Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America, 26(1):21-30. DOI: 10.1016/j.ccell.2013.10.009

Hazuda, H., and Espino, D. (2011). “Sociocultural status and burden of disability in aging Mexican Americans. In J. Angel, F. Torres-Gil, & K. Markides (Eds.), Aging, health, and longevity in the Mexican-origin population (pp. 125-157). New York, NY: Springer.

Ihenechw, E. (2010). Cultural Diversity and Cultural Competency: New Issues for Elderly Care and Services. Dissertation: Arcada University of Applied Science Human, Helsinki. (Link)

Jain, B., Khatri, E., & Stanford, F. C. (2022). Racial Disparities in Senior Healthcare: System‐Level Interventions. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 70(4), 1292-1296

Jones, A. (2012). Disability, health and generation status: How Hispanics in the US fare in late life. Journal of Immigrant Minority Health, 14: 467-474.

Kim, S. and Xu, Y. (2010). The mediating effect of self-efficacy on the relationship between health literacy and health status in Korean older adults: A short report. Aging and Mental Health, 14: 870-873.

Lange, J., Mager, D. and Andrews, D. (2012). The ELDER expansion project: Building cultural competence among long term home care workers. Applied Nursing Research, 26(2), 58–62.

Levy, B., Ryall, A., Pilver, C., Sheridan, P., Wei, J., & Hausdorff, J. (2010). Influence of African American elders’ age stereotypes on the cardiovascular response to stress.  Anxiety, Stress, & Coping, 21(1), 85-93.

Lincoln, K. (2014). “Social relationships and health among minority older adults.” In K. Whitfield & T. Baker (Eds.), Handbook of minority aging (pp. 25-46). New York, NY: Springer.

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McBride, M. (2014). Ethnogeriatrics: Development and Application of the Cohort Analysis Tool. SIG 14 Perspectives on Communication Disorders and Sciences in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CLD) Populations. Vol. 21, 37-52. doi:10.1044/cds21.2.37

McKenna, M. (2011). “Transcultural perspectives in the nursing care of older adults.” In M. Andrews and J. Boyle (Eds.), Transcultural concepts in nursing care (6th ed., pp. 182-207). Philadelphia, PA; Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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Mehta, N., Sudharsanan, N., and Elo, I. (2014). “Race/Ethnicity and Disability Among Older Americans.” In K. Whitfield and T. Baker (Eds.), Handbook of Minority Aging. New York: Springer.

Millichamp, A. and Gallegos, D. (2012). Meeting the food needs of Queensland's Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Aged: A review of the literature. Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane and Diversicare: Brisbane.

Millichamp, A. and  Gallegos, D. (2011). Meeting the Food Needs of Queensland’s Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) aged: What do service providers say? Brisbane: Queensland University of Technology.

Mullings, D. and Gien, L,. (2013). Culturally Competent (Appropriate) Health and Long-Term Care Services for Older Immigrants in a Small Urban Center Of Newfoundland. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, 2(9), 81-89.

O'Donoghue, C., Botha, A. and Van Rensburg, G. (2014). Culturally diverse care for older persons: What do we expect of caregivers?  Professional Nursing Today, 18(1), 3.

Periyakoil, V. (2019) Building a culturally competent workforce to care for diverse older adults: Scope of the problem and potential solutions. Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 67(2), S423-S432.

Phillips, L., Salem, B., Jeffers, K., Kim, H., Ruiz, M., Salem, N., and Woods, D. (2014). Developing and Proposing the Ethno-Cultural Gerontological Nursing Model. J Transcult Nurs, 26(2),118-128.

Rhodes, R. (2021). The Ethnogeriatric implications of the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved 32(1), 64-67.

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National Asian Pacific Center on Aging 

The Centre for Cultural Diversity in Ageing 

National Caucus and Center on Black Aged, Inc.

National Hispanic Council on Aging, Inc. 

National Indian Council on Aging  

Pioneer Network (Advocates for culture change in aging) 

Curriculum in Ethnogeriatrics 

Reaching Diverse Older Adult Populations & Engaging Them in Prevention Services & Early Interventions 

Ethnic Elders Care 

Audiovisual Resources

Family Counseling with an Older Black Family (15 minutes/video) Produced by the School of Social Work at San Jose State University, this video demonstrates family counseling skills appropriate to work with older African American families and to serve as a trigger for discussion. The major issue presented is the conflict between a daughter and her recently disabled mother. The theme is the importance of understanding the value of the Black church and extended kin networks to the life of many Black elderly people. Contact: Andrew Scharlach  School of Social Welfare;  329 Haviland Hall;  University of California;  Berkeley, CA 94720; (510) 642-0126.

Old, Black, and Alive!  (28 minutes/ film -1974) Filmed in the rural south, depicts seven elderly African American women who share their insight, faith and strength in a documentary on aging.  Contact: University of California at Berkeley Extension Media Center; 2176 Shattuck Avenue; Berkeley, CA 94704; (510) 642-0618 or 642-0460

Older, Stronger, Wiser (28 minutes/ video or film - 1990) Profiles 5 African American women who have struggled to rise above the indignities of racism that have characterized the Black experience for years. Contact: Indiana University Audio Visual Center; Bloomington, IN 47405; (812) 335-2103