Transcultural Health Care
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Beach, M., Rosner, M., Cooper, L., Duggan, P., and Shatzer, J. (2007). Can Patient-Centered Attitudes Reduce Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Care? Academic Medicine, 82(20), 193-198.
Bellack, J. (2015). Unconscious Bias: An Obstacle to Cultural Competence. Journal of Nursing Education, 54(9), S63-S64.
Bellack, J. (2005). Threatening Our Diversity. Journal of Nursing Education, 44 (5), 199-200.
Benkert, R., Templin, T., Schim, S., Doorenbos, A. Z., & Bell, S. (2011). Testing a multi‐group model of culturally competent behaviors among underrepresented nurse practitioners. Research In Nursing & Health, 34(4), 327-341. doi:10.1002/nur.20441
Berry, E. (2002). Not Separate But Still Unequal: Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care. Clearinghouse Review, 36, 201-212.
Betancourt, J., Corbett, J. & Bondaryk, M. (2014). Addressing disparities and achieving equity: Cultural competence, ethics, and health-care transformation. Chest, 145, 143–148.
Betancourt, J., Green, A., and Carrillo, E. (2002). Cultural Competence in Health Care: Emerging Frameworks and Practical Approaches. Published by Commonwealth Fund. Publication #576. Report can be found on the Fund’s website at http://www.cmwf.org/usr_doc/betancourt_culturalcompetence_576.pdf
Bliss, D., Doyle, O., and Pecukonis, E. (2008). Reducing Barriers to Inter-Professional Training: Promoting Inter-Professional Cultural Competence. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 22(4), 417-428.
Bigby, J. (2003). Cross-cultural Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: American College of Physicians.
Barnett, K., Hattis, P. and Eaglen, R. (2010). Health professions accreditation and diversity: A collaborative approach to enhance current standards. Battle Creek, MI: W.K. Kellogg Foundation and the California Endowment.
Bosher, S. (2003). Barriers to Creating a More Culturally Diverse Nursing Profession. Linguistic Bias in Multiple-choice Nursing Exams. Nursing Education Perspectives, 24: 25-34.
Birch, M. (2008). Implementing Equity: The Commission on Social Determinant of Health. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 87, 3.
Brathwaite, A. (2003). Selection of a Conceptual Model/Framework for Guiding Research Interventions. The Internet Journal of Advanced Nursing Practice, 6(1).
Brannigan, M. (2012). Cultural Fault Lines in Healthcare: Reflections on Cultural Competency. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, Rowman & Littlefield Publishing.
Braveman, P., Egerter, S. & Williams, D.R. (2011). The Social Determinants of Health: Coming of Age. Annual Review of Public Health, 32, 381–398.
Braveman, P. (2006). Health Disparities and Health Equity: Concepts and Measurement. Annual Review of Public Health, 27.
Briscoe, L. (2013). Becoming Culturally Sensitive: A Painful Process? Midwifery, 29(6), 559-565.
Brondolo, E., Gallo, L., and Myers, H. (2009). Race, Racism, & Health: Disparities, Mechanisms, and Interventions. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 32, 1-8.
Brooks-Carthon, J., Kutney-Lee, A., Sloane, D., Cimiotti, J., and Aiken, L. (2011). Quality of Care and Patient Satisfaction in Hospitals with High Concentrations of Black Patients. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 43(3), 301-310.
Broome, B. and McGuinness, T. (2007). A CRASH Course in Cultural Competence for Nurses. Urologic Nursing, 27(4), 292-304.
Burroughs, V., Maxey, R., and Levy, R. (2002). Racial and Ethnic Differences in Response to Medicines: Towards Individualized Treatment. Journal of the National Medical Association, 94:1-26. Also available at
Butler, M., McCreedy, E, Schwer, N., Burgess, D., Call, K., Przedworski, J., Rosser, S., Larson, S,. Allen, M., Fu, S., and Kane, R. (2016). Improving Cultural Competence To Reduce Health Disparities. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 170. AHRQ Publication No. 16EHC006-EF. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; https://www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/ehc/products/573/2206/cultural-competence-report-160327.pdf
Butler, M., Kane, R., Larson, S., Jeffery, M., and Grove, M. (2012). Quality Improvement Measurement of Outcomes for People With Disabilities. Closing the Quality Gap: Revisiting the State of the Science. Evidence Report/ Technology Assessment No. 208. (Prepared by the Minnesota Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-2007-10064-I.) AHRQ Publication No. 12(13)-E013-EF. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. http://www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/search-for-guides-reviews-and-reports/?pageaction= displayProduct&productID=1243
Byrd, W., and Clayton, L. (2002). An American Health Dilemma. Volume 2- Race, Medicine and Health Care in the United States 1900-2000. NY: Routledge.
Campinha-Bacote, A. and Campinha-Bacote, J. (2009). Extending a Model of Cultural Competence in Healthcare Delivery to the Field of Health Law. Journal of Nursing Law, 13(2), 36-44.
Campinha-Bacote, J. (2010). The Process of Cultural Competence in the Delivery of Healthcare Services. In M. Douglas and D. Pacquiao (Eds.) Core Curriculum in Transcultural Nursing and Health Care. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, Volume 21 Supplement 1, pp119S-127-S.
Campinha-Bacote, J. (2011). Delivering Patient-Centered Care in the Midst of A Cultural Conflict: The Role of Cultural Competence. The Online Journal of Issue in Nursing, 16(2), Manuscript 5.
Campinha-Bacote, J. (2007). Becoming Culturally Competent in Ethnic Psychopharmacology. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 45(9), 27-33.
Campinha-Bacote, J. (2002). The Process of Cultural Competence in the Delivery of Healthcare Services: A Model of Care. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 13 (3), 181-184.
Campinha-Bacote, J. (2003). Many Faces: Addressing Diversity in Health Care. Journal of Online Issues in Nursing, 8(1).
Campinha-Bacote, J. (2007). The Process of Cultural Competence in the Delivery Healthcare Services: The Journey Continues (5th Edition). Cincinnati, OH: Transcultural C.A.R.E. Associates.
Campinha-Bacote, J. (2008). Cultural Desire: ‘Caught’ or ‘Taught?’ Contemporary Nurse, 28(2), Advances in Contemporary Transcultural Nursing 2nd edition.
Campinha-Bacote, J. (2005). A Biblically Based Model of Cultural Competence in the Delivery of Healthcare Services. OH: Transcultural C.A.R.E. Associates.
Canales, M. (2010). Othering: Difference Understood” A 10-Year Analysis and Critique of the Nursing Literature. Advances in Nursing Science, 33(1), 15-34.
Capell, J., Veensrta, G. and Dean, E. (2007). Cultural Competence in Healthcare: Critical Analysis of the Construct, its Assessment and Implications. Journal of Theory Construction &Testing, 11(1), 30.
Carpenter-Song, E., Schwallie, M. and Longhofer, J. (2007). Cultural Competence Reexamined: Critique and Directions for the Future. Psychiatric Services, 58:1362-1365.
Castro, A., and Ruiz, E. (2009). The effects of nurse practitioner cultural competence on Latina patient satisfaction. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 21, 278-286.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report— United States, 2013. MMWR. 2013; Supplement/Vol. 62/No.3. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/other/su6203.pdf
Chang, E., Simon, M. and Dong, X. (2010). Integrating cultural humility into health care professional education and training. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract., 17(2):269-78.
Chong, N. (2002). The Latino Patient: A Cultural Guide for Health Care Providers. ME: Intercultural Press.
Chun, M.B.J. (2009). Cultural competency compliance issues in health care. Journal of Health Care Compliance, 11(5), 27–32, 70–71.
Clingerman, E. (2011). Social Justice: A Framework for Culturally Competent Care. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 22(4), 334-341.
Commission on the Public’s Health System. (2010). Culturally competent care: some examples of what works! Retrieved from http://www.cphsnyc.org/cphs/reports/august_2010-_culturally_competen/
Convoy, S. and Westphal, R. (2013). The importance of developing military cultural competence. Journal of emergency Nursing, 39(6), 592-595.
Contemporary Nurse (2008). The Vol. 28 Issue 1-2, April 2008 of Contemporary Nurse edited by Akram Omeri and Marilyn McFarland is entitled, “Advances in Contemporary Transcultural Nursing 2nd edition.” It is divided into four sections: transcultural nursing leadership and education; application of transcultural nursing theory and models of practice; transcultural nursing research; and global agenda in transcultural nursing.
Contemporary Nurse (2003). The Vol. 15 Issue 3, October 2003 of Contemporary Nurse edited by John Daly and Debra Jackson, from the University of Western Sydney is entitled, “Advances in Contemporary Transcultural Nursing.” It is dedicated to Madeleine Leininger and discusses articles on globalization, culture and health, cardiovascular health, and mental health with a particular Australian focus.
Cook, S., Goddu, A., Clarke, A., Nocon, R., McCullough, K., and Chin, M. (2012). Lessons for Reducing Disparities in Regional Quality Improvement Efforts. Am J Manag Care, 18(6 0),102–s105. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3732453/
Cooper, L. and Perquera, M. (2013). Maryland Cultural, Linguistic and Health Literacy Competency Strategies: A Policy Framework for 2013-2020. http://dhmh.maryland.gov/mhqcc/SiteAssets/SitePages/meetings/Cult%20Comp%20Full%20Report%2012.13.pdf
Coren, J., Filipetto, F., and Weiss, L. (2009). Eliminating Barriers for Patients With Limited English Proficiency The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 109: 634-640.
Cowan, D, and Norman, I. (2006). Cultural Competence in Nursing: New Meanings. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 17(1), 82-88.
Cutilli, C. (2006). Do Your Patients Understand? Providing Culturally Congruent Patient Education. Orthopaedic Nursing, 25(3), 218-224.
Dankwa-Mullan, I., Rhee, K., Williams, K., Sanchez, I., Sy, F., Stinson, N., et al. (2010). The science of eliminating health disparities: Summary and analysis of the NIH Summit recommendations. American Journal of Public Health, 100`(S1`), 512 – 518.
D’Avanzo, C., and Geissler, E. (2003). Pocket Guide to Cultural Assessment, 3rd edition. St. Louis: Mosby.
Dayer-Berenson, L. (2011). Cultural Competencies for Nurses: Impact on Health and Illness. Sudbury: Jones and Bartlett.
de Leon Siantz, M. (2008). Leading Change in Diversity and Cultural Competence. Journal of Professional Nursing, 24(3), 167-171.
Delphin-Rittmon, M., Andres-Hyman, R., Flanagan, E. and Davidson, L. (2013). Seven Essential Strategies for Promoting and Sustaining Systemic Cultural Competence. Psychiatric Quarterly, 84(1), 53-64.
DeRosa, N. and Kochurka, K. (2006). Implement Culturally Competent Healthcare in Your Workplace. Nursing Management, 11,18-26.
Delphin, M. and Rowe, M. (2008). Continuing Education in Cultural Competence for Community Mental Health Practitioners. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 39(2), 182-191.
Douglas, M., Rosenkoetter, M., Pacquiao, D., Callister, L., Hattar-Pollara, M., Lauderdale, J., Milstead, J., Nardi, D., and Purnell, L. (2014). Guidelines for Implementing Culturally Competent Nursing Care. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 25(2), 111-121.
Douglas, M., Pierce, J., Rosenkoetter, M., Pacquiao, D., Callister, L., Hattar-Pollara, M., Lauderdale, J., Milstead, J., Nardi, D., and Purnell, L. (2011). Standards of Practice for Culturally Competent Nursing Care: 2011 Update. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 22(4), 317-333.
Douglas, M., and Pacquiao, D. (2010). Core Curriculum for Transcultural Nursing and Health Care. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 21(Supplement 1).
Drevdahl, D., Canales, M. and Dorcy, K. (2008). Of Goldfish Tanks and Moonlight Tricks: Can Cultural Competency Ameliorate Health Disparities? Advances in Nursing Science, 31(1):13-27.
Dudas, K. (2013). Cultural competence: An evolutionary concept analysis. Nursing Education Perspectives, 33(5), 317-321.
Dunagan, P., Kimble, L., Gunby, S., and Andrews, M. (2016) Baccalaureate Nursing Students’ Attitudes of Prejudice: A Qualitative Inquirer. Journal of Nursing Education, 55(6), 345-348.
Eddey, G. and Robey, K. (2005). Considering the Culture of Disability in Cultural Competence Education. Academic Medicine, 80 (7), 706-712.
Edwards, K. (2003). Increasing Cultural Competence and Decreasing Disparities in Health. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 10(4), 111-112.
Elisha, S., Nagelhout, J., Gupte, S., Koh, K., Maglalang, M., & Chong, N. (2008). A successful partnership to help reduce health disparities: The Institute for Culturally Competent Care and the Kaiser Permanente School of Anesthesia/California State University Fullerton. AANA, 70(8), 437 – 442.
Engebretson, J., Mahoney, J. and Carlson, E. (2008). Cultural Competence in the Era of Evidence-Based Practice. J Prof Nurs, 24(3),172-178.
Epstein, L. (2007). Culturally Appropriate Health Care by Culturally Competent Health Professionals. International Workshop Report. The Israel National Institute for Health Policy and Health Services Research, Caesarea, Israel, October 2007.
Escallier, L., Fullerton, J. and Messina, B. (2011). Cultural Competence Outcomes Assessment: A Strategy and Model. International Journal of Nurse Midwifery, 3(3), 35-42.
Fitzgerald, E., Myers, J., and Clark, P. (2017). Nurses Need Not be Guilty Bystanders: Caring for Vulnerable Immigrant Population. The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing., 22(1). http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/TableofContents/Vol-22-2017/No1-Jan-2017/Articles-Previous-Topics/Nurses-Need-Not-Be-Guilty-Bystanders.html
Flaskerud, J. (2007). Cultural competence: What effect on reducing health disparities? Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 28, 431 – 434.
Fletcher, F., Crabtree, A., McKennit, D., Landrie, M., and Magee, P. (2006). A Systematic Review of the Academic Literature Related to the use and Development of Cultural Competence in Health Promotion and Community Service Professionals. Edmonton, Alberta: Alberta Cancer Board and University of Alberta.
Flores, G. (2012). Technical report—Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Health and Health Care of Children. Pediatrics, 125, e979–e1020.
Foronda, C., Baptiste, D., Reinholdt, M. and Ousman, K. (2016). Cultural Humility: A Concept Analysis. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 27(3), 210-217.
Fortier, J., and Bishop, D. (2004). Setting the Agenda for Research and Cultural Competence in Health Care: Final Report. Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Minority Health. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/cultural.htm
Gahlet, S., Sohmer, D., Sacks, T., Mininger, C., McClintock, M., and Olufunmilayo, O. (2008). Targeting Heath Disparities: A Model Lining Upstream Determinants to Downstream Interventions. Health Affairs, 27, 339-349.
Galanti, J. (2004). Caring for Patients From Diverse Cultures. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Giger, J., Davidhizar, R., Purnell, L., Harden, J., Phillips, J. and Strickland. (2007). American Academy of Nursing Expert Panel Report: Developing Cultural Competence to Eliminate Health Disparities in Ethnic Minorities and Other Vulnerable Populations. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 18(2), 95-102.
Giger, J., and Davidhizar, R. (2008). Transcultural Nursing (5th edition). St. Louis: Mosby Year Book.
Geiger, H. (2001). Racial Stereotyping and Medicine: The Need for Cultural Competence. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 164 (2), 1699-1701.
Graves, D., Like, R., Kelly, N., and Hohensee, A. (2007). Legislation as Intervention: A Survey of Cultural Competence Policy in Health Care. Journal of Health Care Law & Policy, 10: 339-361.
Green, A., Carney, D., Pallin, D., Ngo, L., Raymond, K., Iezzoni, L. and Banaji, M. (2007). Implicit Bias Among Physicians and its Prediction of Thrombolysis Decisions for Black and White Patients. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 22(9),1-8. http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~mrbworks/articles/2007_Green_JGIM.pdf
Gregg J.and Saha S. (2006). Losing Culture on the Way to Competence: The Use and Misuse of Culture in Medical Education. Acad Med. 2006;81:542–547
Gustafson, D. (2005). Transcultural Nursing Theory From a Critical Cultural Perspective. Advances in Nursing Science, 28(1), 2-16.
Hall, J. and Fields, B. (2013). Continuing the conversation in nursing on race and racism. Nurs Outlook, 61(3):164-73.
Hark, L., DeLisser, H. and Morrison, G. (2009). Achieving Cultural Competency: A Case-Based Approach to Training Health Professionals. NJ: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Harper, M. (2006). Ethical Multiculturalism an Evolutionary Analysis. Advances in Nursing Science, 29:110-24.
Harris-Haywood, S., Goode, T., Gao, Y., Smith, K., Bronheim, S., Flocke, S., et al. (2012). Psychometric evaluation of a cultural competency assessment instrument or health professionals. Med Care, 52(2), e7-e15.
Harris, G. (2010). Cultural competence: Its promise for reducing healthcare disparities. JHHSA, (Summer), 3 – 52.
Hasnain-Wynia, R., Baker, D., Nerenz, D., Feinglass, J., & Beal, A. C. (2007). Disparities in Health Care Are Driven by Where Minority Patients seek care. Archives of Internal Medicine, 167(12), 1233-1239.
Hasnain-Wynia, R., Pierce, D. and Pittman, M. (2004). Who, When and How: The Current State of Race, Ethnicity and Primary Language Data Collection in Hospitals. NY: Commonwealth Fund. (link)
Hassouneh-Phillips, D. and Beckett, A. (2003). An Education in Racism. Journal of Nursing Education, 42(6), 258-265.
Health Research & Educational Trust. (2013). Becoming a culturally competent health care organization. http://www.hpoe.org/resources/ hpoehretaha-guides/1395.
Hegyvary, T. (2006). Health Disparities Related To Race and Ethnicity. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, Third Quarter: 205.
Helman, C. (2007). Culture, Health and Illness (5th edition). Oxford: UK Butterworth Heinemann.
Henderson, S., Kendall, E., & See, L. (2011). The effectiveness of culturally appropriate interventions to manage or prevent chronic disease in culturally and linguistically diverse communities: A systematic literature review. Health & Social Care in the Community, 19(3), 225-249. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2524.2010.00972.x
Hester, R. (2012). The promise and paradox of cultural competence. HEC Forum, 24(4), 279-291.
Higginbottom, G., Richter, M., Mogale, R., Ortiz, L., Young, S., and Mollel, O. (2011). Identification of Nursing Assessment Models/Tools Validated in Clinical Practice For Use With Diverse Ethno-Cultural Groups: An Integrative Review of the Literature. BMC Nursing 2011, 10:16 http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1472-6955-10-16.pdf
Hogan-Garcia, M. (2003). The Four Skills of Cultural Diversity Competence: A Process for Understanding and Practice.CA: Thompson & Brooks/Cole.
Hook, J., Davis, D., Owen, J., Worthington, E, Utsey, S. (2013). Cultural humility: Measuring openness to culturally diverse clients. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 60(3), 353-366.
Horvat, L., Horey, D., Romios, P., & Kis-Rigo, J. (2014). Cultural competence education for health professionals [Cochrane Review]. Retrieved from 10.1002/1465185.CD009405.pub2.
Ingram, R. (2012). Using Campinha-Bacote’s process of cultural competence model to examine the relationship between health literacy and cultural competence. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(3), 695-704. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05822.x
Institute of Medicine. (2003). Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care. Washington, DC: Author.
Institute of Medicine (2004). In the Nation’s Compelling Interest: Ensuring Diversity in the Health Care Workforce (2004). Washington, DC: National Academic Press. Available online at: http://www.nap.edu/books/030909125X/html
James, C. (2013, April). The Affordable Care Act and Its Potential to Reduce Health Disparities. Paper presented at the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, Mark Twain House 351 Farmington Ave. Hartford, CT. Retrieved from http://www.iom.edu/~/media/Files/Activity%20Files/SelectPops/HealthDisparities/2013-APR-22/Cara%20James.pdf
Jirwe, M., Gerrish, K., & Emami, A. (2006). The Theoretical Framework of Cultural Competence. The Journal of Multicultural Nursing and Health, 12, (3), 6-16.
Journal of Transcultural Nursing. (2002). Entire July issue (Volume 13, Issue 3) focuses on the extant models, theories & frameworks of transcultural nursing.
Kagawa-Singer, M. and Kassim-Lakha, S. (2003). A Strategy to Reduce Cross-cultural Miscommunication and Increase the Likelihood of Improving Health Outcomes. Academic Medicine, 78(6), 577-587.
Kai, J. (2003). Ethnicity, Health and Primary Care. Oxford: UK University Press.
Kaiser Family Foundation. (2007). Key Facts: Race, Ethnicity and Medical Care, 2007 Update,” CA: Author:
Kersey-Matusiak, G. (2012). Delivering Culturally Congruent Nursing Care. NY: Springer Publishing Co.
Koh, H., Gracia, N. and Alvarez, M. (2014). Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services — Advancing Health with CLAS. New England Journal of Medicine, 371:198-20. http://www.nejm.org/stoken/default+domain/Permissions-HHS/full
Komaric, N., Bedford, S., and van Driel, M. (2012). Two sides of the coin: patient and provider perceptions of health care delivery to patients from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. BMC Health Serv Res, 12:322.
Kumagai, A., and Lypson, M. (2009). Beyond Cultural Competence: Critical Consciousness, Social Justice, and Multicultural Education. Academic Medicine 84(6), 782-787.
Kehoe, K. & Melkus, G., Newlin, K. (2003). Cultural Competence Within the Context of Care: An Integrative Review. Ethnicity & Disease, 13(3): 344-353.
Kwong, M. (2009). Applying Cultural Competency in Clinical Practice: Findings From Multicultural Expert’s Experience. Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 18: 146-165.
LaVeist, T. (2005) . Minority Populations and Health: An Introduction to Health Disparities in the United States. CA: Jossey-Bass.
Lie, D., Lee-Rey, E. & Braddock, C. (2011). Does Cultural Competency Training of Health Professionals Improve Patient Outcomes? A Systematic Review and Proposed Algorithm for Future Research. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 26 (3); 317-325.
Leininger, M. and McFarland, M. (2006). Culture Care Diversity & Universality: A Worldwide Nursing Theory (2nd.) Massachusetts: Jones and Barlett.
Leininger, M., and McFarland, M. (2002). Transcultural Nursing: Concepts, Theories, Research & Practice (3rd ed.). NY: McGraw-Hill Medical Publishing Division.
Leuning, D., Swiggum, P., Wiegert, H., & McCullough-Zander, K. (2002). Proposed Standards for Transcultural Nursing. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 13(1), 40-46.
Lipson, J., Dibble, S., & Minarik, P. (2005). Culture and Clinical Care. CA: UCSF Nursing Press.
Lowe, J. & Archibald, C. (2009). Cultural diversity: The Intention of Nursing. Nursing Forum, 44(1), 11-18.
Lum, D. (2005). Cultural Competence, Practice Stages, and Client Systems: A Case Study Approach. CA: Thomson/Brooks/ Cole.
Lynam, J. (2008). Culture, Health, and Inequalities: New Paradigms, New Practice Imperatives. Journal of Research in Nursing, 13(2), 138-148.
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National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization (NHPCA):
NHPCA’s Council on Hospice Care in Diverse Communities
Quality Interactions Newsletter http://www.qualityinteractions.org/
Think Cultural Health
AIDS Education and Training Center-National Multicultural Institute
National Center for Cultural Competence (NCCC)
Center for Healthy Families and Culture Diversity
Cultural Competence Project
HRET Health Disparities Tool Kit
National Resource Center on Advancing Emergency Preparedness for Culturally Diverse Communities
Rural Assistance Center – Health Literacy
Evidenced Based Culturally Competent Care
CLAS Act Virginia
The Provider’s Guide to Quality and Culture
Culturally & Linguistically Appropriate Services National Standards https://www.thinkculturalhealth.hhs.gov/content/clas.asp
Office of Minority Health Resource Center
CAHPS Cultural Competence Item Set
The National Council of La Raza’s (NCLR) Institute for Hispanic Health
Awesome Library – Multicultural Site
MEDLINEplus Health Information
Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information & Exchange (CIRRIE)
Kaiser Family Foundation – Minority Health
Cross Cultural Health Care Program (CCHCP)
Commonwealth Fund (Underserved populations & patient-centered care)
Enriching Medicine Through Diversity
Resources for Cross-Cultural Health Care
The Center for Cross-Cultural Health
National Resource Center
Multilingual Glossary of Medical Terms
Transcultural Nursing Society (TCNS) Informational Links
Center For Cross-Cultural Research
The Hmong Health Information Project (Hmong HIP)
International Cancer Council (ICC)
Walking the Walk: Links to Diversity
National Standards of Practice For Interpreters in Health Care
National Council on Interpreting in Health Care
Recommended Resources for Culturally Competent Healthcare http://www.geneticcounselingtoolkit.com/pdf_files/Review%20of%20Resources.pdf
The Genetic Counseling Cultural and Linguistic Competence Toolkit (GCCCT) http://www.geneticcounselingtoolkit.com/
Monograph on Cultural Competence http://www.med-ed.virginia.edu/courses/culture/